Employment Profiling of Filipino Repatriates in Malaysia

Hassan Gabra T. Jumdain


This study describes Filipino repatriates and undocumented overseas workers from Malaysia. Descriptive method of research aided by data mining was used in the study. The respondents of the study were the 96 Filipino repatriates and undocumented migrant workers from Malaysia that settled mostly in the provinces of Southern Philippines. The statistical tools employed were mean, percentages, and chi square test. Irregular migrant workers repatriated were mostly men in their most productive age, working in the manufacturing and construction while women were household service workers. Qualitative reviews also showed that impacts of migrant workers were beneficial to national development through increased household consumption, inflows of remittances and decreased unemployment rate in the provinces of origin. Statistical results showed that there is no significant difference on the status of Filipino repatriates when analyzed as to their age, gender, and nature of work. It will help local and national government officials to understand the critical role overseas workers play in shaping the socio-economic conditions of the provinces and the country thus must strengthen migration policies and further increase the role of departments and implementing arms of the country that recognize and protect the frontiers of economic development, the Filipino overseas workers.

Keywords: Repatriates, Southern Philippines Overseas Filipino Workers, Zamboanga Peninsula

Full Text:



Cahuc, P., & Zylberberg, A. (2004). Labor economics. MIT press.

Commission on Filipino Overseas. (2013). Diasporas and Development: The Philippine Experience and Perspective. Diaspora Ministerial Conference Geneva, Switzerland.

Azizah, Kassim (2009). “Filipino Refugees in Sabah: State Responses, Public Stereotypes and the Dilemma over Their Future,” Departmental Bulletin Paper 47(1):52-88, Kyoto University Research Information Repository.

Azizah, K., Zin, R. H. M. (2011). “Policy on Irregular Migrants in Malaysia: An Analysis of its Implementation and Effectiveness”, Discussion Paper Series No. 2011-34, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.

Davis, D. R., Weinstein, D. E. (2006). An Account of Global Factor Trade. Journal of International Economics.

Orbeta, A.C., Abrigo, M. R.M. (2009). Managing International Labor Migration: The Philippine Experience. Philippine Institute for Development Studies

Ruhs, M. (2008). The Origins and Functions of Illegality in Migrant Labor Markets: An Analysis of Migrants, Employers and the State in UK. Working Paper No. 30a. Centre on Migration, Policy and Society.

Sadiq, Kamal (2005). “When States Prefer Non-Citizens over Citizens: Conflict over Illegal Immigration into Malaysia”, International Studies Quarterly 49(1): 101-122.

Shimizu, Hiromu (2002). “Searching for Socio-economic Niches in Sabah under BIMP-EAGA: Preliminary Report on Christian Filipino Migrant Workers,” Making of Multicultural Sabah, Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo.

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). GlobalAppeal2013Update:Malaysia.